Increasing a role in suppressing deforestation and other potential damage is the concern of PT Pupuk Kalimantan Timur (PKT), among others, by improving environmental quality and restoring forest and land resources. This effort is a manifestation of the PKT's commitment to the A Million-Tree Movement which is commemorated every January 10th through various concrete steps on an ongoing basis, such as planting trees and raising public awareness of the importance of maintaining forest populations.
PKT President Director Rahmad Pribadi said that one of the efforts made by the Company in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) was the collaboration in restoring ex-mining land which has been running since 2020. The concrete steps taken were demonstration plots of Tengkawang trees and Musang King durians on the ex-mining land at the Tengkawang Arboretum, Bengkayang Regency, West Kalimantan on World Tree Day in November 2021.
The area is known to have been damaged by illegal gold mining activities, with an area of 8.77 hectares. In this demonstration plot, PKT plays a role in rehabilitation and restoration of the land so that it can be reused according to its function, thus in the future various types of trees can grow back properly and productively.
In addition, PKT also carried out a similar demonstration plot on an ex-coal mining area in Makroman Samarinda Village, East Kalimantan, so that the existence of forests as an ecosystem structure in preventing global warming could be achieved optimally by restoring forest functions through planting seedlings and land restoration.
"Various innovations in protecting the environment and ecosystem are deliberately carried out by PKT, so that future generations can still enjoy natural resources and good quality of environment," said Rahmad Pribadi.
PKT has also reintroduced 1,651 black orchids, which are endemic plants typical of Kalimantan, to the Kutai National Park (TNK) since 2019, as well as maintaining the existence of 14 rare plant species. Likewise, the improvement of the mangrove forest ecosystem on the Bontang coast has been realized by PKT until the end of 2021 by planting 335,167 mangrove seedlings spread over two locations with an area of over 20 hectares.
Several types of mangroves planted in the area include Rhizopora apiculata, Rhizopora mucronata, Ceriops tagal, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera sexangula, Ceriops tagal and Avicennia marina. Firstly initiated in 2009, this program was implemented by the Environment Department of PKT, covering nurseries and planting in the Kedindingan area, one of the Bontang waters chosen as a conservation area.
Every year, PKT plants 17 to 25 thousands of mangrove seedlings, so that it is able to cover the entire area of Kedindingan waters in 2015, with a total of 152 thousand seedlings. Starting in 2016, mangrove planting was developed into a new area, namely the Hak Guna Bangunan (HGB) 65 area in the Loktuan Village, Bontang Utara, Bontang City, with planting between 20 to 25 thousands per year, reaching 183,167 seedlings in 2021.
"Various programs that are implemented gradually have shown effectiveness, with increasing positive impacts, both in the water sector and biodiversity conservation," added Rahmad.
Along with the commemoration of the A Million-Tree Movement in 2022, PKT will continue to increase its role and commitment in protecting environmental ecosystems by inviting all parties to raise awareness of forest conservation through tree planting and other concrete actions, considering the importance of restoring damaged natural resources and land in order to become a valuable heritage for future generations.
"Commitment to environmental governance is an inseparable part of PKT's business activities, which is reflected through strategic policies and programs every year, so that the balance between profit, people and planet as one of the Company's missions runs more optimally," concluded Rahmad Pribadi.(*)